Moreover, the jaws may harbor nonodontogenic bone lesions not seen in any other part of the skeleton. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with this type it affects several bones and is often associated with mccunealbright syndrome, which is a genetic disorder that affects not only the bones but also many endocrine hormone producing tissues and your skin. Pdf monostotic and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of the. Fibrous dysplasia fd is a rare condition commonly involving the jaws. Approximately 30% of monostotic fd mfd lesions are found in the cranial or facial bones.
Fibrous jaw dysplasia definition of fibrous jaw dysplasia. Numerous articles with case reports have appeared in the dental litera ture on monostotic and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of the jaws, and all these appear in adults with an xray picture suggesting a condensing osteitis, fibroosteoma, or. The commonest lesions are in the mandible and the periorbital bones. The gene for fd is located on band 20q, an area that codes for the. Fibromuscular dysplasia fmd is a condition characterized by abnormal development or growth of cells in the walls of blood vessels arteries that can cause the vessels to narrow. Areas of healthy bone are replaced with this fibrous tissue. There is a female predilection in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, and up to 50% may involve bones in the head and neck. Studies in clinical oral pathology associate editor lester k. Granulation tissue which extends coronally from the pulp of a carious tooth is known as cervical radiolucency at the cementoenamel junction is most likely due to the most frequent location of a dentigerous cyst is the in fibrous dysplasia the most likely diagnosis of a proliferative lesion found at a denture periphery is aan the main purpose of.
In most cases, fibrous dysplasia occurs at a single site in one bone, but can occur at multiple sites in multiple bones. Patients diagnosed with fd must be reassured that it is a benign process whereby bone has been replaced by fibrous tissue. Fibrous dysplasia genetic and rare diseases information. Most people have symptoms by the time they are 30 years old. Fibrous dysplasia overview nih osteoporosis and related. Fibrous dysplasia is a bone lesion where woven bone has not transformed into lamellar bone. Thus, fibrous dysplasia has become a wastebasket term for many fibrous tissue lesions that present diagnostic problems. The radiologist should assume major responsibility forthe diagnosis, since the roentgenographic appearance of a typical case in childhood is diagnostic, whereas theclinical andpathologic features are less specific. Explanations are useful to guide through learning process and confirm that the correct answer is indeed correct.
Familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws synonyms, familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws pronunciation, familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws translation, english dictionary definition of familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws definition of. Lackman, md abstract fibrous dysplasia is a developmental disorder of bone that can present in a monostotic or polyostotic form. This abnormal fibrous tissue weakens the bone, making it abnormally fragile and prone to fracture.
Fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disorder in which scar tissue develops in place of normal bone tissue, thereby weakening the bone. It causes bone pain, deformities, and pathological fractures. Fibrous dysplasia of right upper jaw uncommon presentation. Fibrous dysplasia is a chronic disorder in which scarlike tissue grows in place of normal bone. Various radiographic appearances of fibrous dysplasia in the. Fibrous dysplasia fd is a bone developmental anomaly characterized by proliferation of fibrous tissue within. Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia is caused by mutations in the ano5 gene, which provides instructions for making a protein called anoctamin5. It can occur in the bones in the front of the head andor sphenoid bones that are situated at the base of the skull.
Fibrous dysplasia fd is a sporadic benign skeletal disorder that can affect one bone monostotic. Fibrous dysplasia of the jaws has been noted in a number of reports, but a clear and complete picture of its roentgen appearance in the mandible and maxilla has not emerged. However, based on the clinical history and computed tomographic ct scan, the most likely diagnosis is fibrous dysplasia. Pdf fibrous dysplasia is a nonneoplastic skeletal disorder of unknown etiology.
This paper pays attention to the diseases that are specific for the jaws, odontogenic as well as nonodontogenic. Postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the gnas1 gene cause fibrous dysplasia and have been extensively investigated, as well as. Integrating molecular pathogenesis with clinical, radiological, and histopathological features. It is a nonneoplastic developmental hamartomatous disease of the bone, characterised by a blend of fibrous and osseous elements in the region. It may involve one bone or multiple bones polyostotic. Fibrous dysplasia an overview sciencedirect topics. Increased levels of serum alkaline phosphatase are observed in 40% of cases of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and, more rarely, in monostotic form.
The most common sites are the bones in the skull and face, the long bones in the arms and legs, the pelvis, and the ribs. While fd has a typical clinical and histological presentation, considerable variation exists. The carotid arteries, which pass through the neck and supply blood to the brain, are commonly affected. Radiological identification of fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Fibrous dysplasia of maxilla mccune albright syndrome jameela 12.
Fibrous dysplasia of the jaws is bilaterally symmetrical begins in the fifth decade is premalignant. This estimate includes only people whose fibrous dysplasia causes symptoms that lead to a diagnosis using current medical technology. Fibroosseous lesions of bonesfibrous dysplasia authorstream. Fibrous dysplasia is a congenital present at birth condition that affects bone growth and development. Disease occurs along a broad clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic, incidental lesions, to severe.
Treatment of fibrous dysplasia utilizing digital planning. Fibrous dysplasia can be accompanied by endocrinopathies. Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental disorder of bone that can present in a monostotic or polyostotic form. Fibrous dysplasia treatment, symptoms, causes, pictures. Two examples are presented of osteotomies performed simultaneously with surgical recontouring in cases of fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Cherubism was first documented and named in 1933 by dr. Commonly found in persons aged 315yrs polyostotic disease persons asymptomatic before 10 years. Fibrous dysplasia a report of two cases with emphasis on. This page from great ormond street hospital gosh explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of fibrous dysplasia. Fibrous dysplasia fd is a sporadic benign skeletal disorder that can affect one.
Fibrous dysplasia of jaws definition of fibrous dysplasia. All that was known at the time was the characteristic swelling pattern and the increase and then regress of bone lesions. Jones of kingston, ontario, describing a case of three siblings of the same family of jewish russian heritage. Fibrous dysplasia is usually found in the proximal femur, tibia, humerus, ribs, and. To compare the radiographic presentation of fibrous dysplasia in the jaws of hong kong patients with the features reported in other populations. This study serves to characterize the features of a large case series of fd of the jaws. Request pdf peritrabecular clefting in fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Fibrous dysplasia fd is a nonneoplastic tumorlike congenital process, manifested as a localized defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation, with the replacement of normal bone with large fibrous stroma and islands of immature woven bone. Radiology of multiloculated fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. The mutation occurs when a baby is developing in the womb. Special forms of fibrous dysplasia leontiasis ossea.
The replacement of normal bone in fibrous dysplasia can lead to pain, misshapen bones, and fracture, especially when it occurs in the long bones. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia will occur more commonly at mean age of 25 years 6. Fibrous dysplasia is a benign intramedullary fibroosseous lesion originally described by lichtenstein1 in 1938 and by lichtenstein and jaffe in 19422. Clinical guidelines for the management of craniofacial.
Fibrous dysplasia has a varied radiographic appearance. Peritrabecular clefting in fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Fibrous dysplasia happens when abnormal fibrous scarlike tissue replaces healthy bone. Case report fibrous dysplasia is a benign, developmental fibroosseous bone disease which is usually recognized. As a result, most complications result from fracture, deformity, functional impairment, and pain. The exact cause of fibrous dysplasia is not known, but it is not passed down through families. Feasibility of osteotomies in fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. Bilateral fibrous dysplasia of the mandible in a 7yearold. The aim of this article is to represent a rare case of bilateral fibrous dysplasia of the upper and lower jaws, in combination with intellectual disability previously called mental retardation. Arteries within the brain and kidneys can also be affected. It may either present as monostoic, affecting one bone, or polystoic, affecting many bones. Fibrous dysplasia has been regarded as a developmental skeletal disorder characterized by replacement of normal bone with benign cellular fibrous connective tissue. Jan 24, 2014 special forms of fibrous dysplasia leontiasis ossea. The condition presents as a solitary lesion monostotic or with multiple foci polyostotic.
However, it should be emphasized that cherubism is a disease histologically indistinguishable from giantcell reparative granuloma. Fibrous dysplasia represents about 2, 5% of all bone tumors and over 7% of all benign tumours. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia of the frontoorbital region. Moreover, overlap of features with other disorders is possible. Considerations include fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, osteoochondroma, osteoblastoma, and cementifying fibroma. It often involves the long bones, craniofacial bones, ribs, and pelvis. Fibrous dysplasia jaw case contributed by dr mohammad taghi niknejad. Fibrous dysplasia fd belongs to a group of nonhereditary benign pathologies in which immature bone and fibrous stroma replaces normal medullary bone.
Osteotomies are necessary when a coexistent discrepancy in jaw relationship is present. Instead of maturing into solid bone, affected bones stay at the immature fibrous stage so are weak and misshapen. Fibrous dysplasia in the jaws of a hongkong population. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of mandible associated with an impacted. Fibrous dysplasia of the jaws jama otolaryngologyhead. Features are consistent with a fibroosseous lesion such as fibrous dysplasia. By age 30 years, the facial abnormalities associated with cherubism are not usually recognizable and residual deformity of the jaws is rare. Analysis of three cases durgadevi pancharethinam 1, monika chaudhary 2, ramesh venkatapathy 2, mariappan jonathan daniel 1 1 department of oral medicine and maxillofacial radiology, mahatma gandhi postgraduate institute of dental sciences, puducherry, india 2 department of oral and maxillofacial pathology, mahatma gandhi postgraduate institute of dental sciences. An important histopathologic feature for differentiating fibrous dysplasia from central ossifying fibroma the aim of this. Fibrous dysplasia childrens hospital of philadelphia. Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia genetics home reference nih.
Fibrous dysplasia causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment. Aggressive form of fibrous dysplasia of the mandible in. Fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal disorder that is characterized by the replacement of normal bone with fibrous bone tissue. It frequently appears in the posterior region of the jaw bone and is usually unilateral. Based on statistics from the fibrous dysplasia foundation membership as of 2000, an incidence of one person with fibrous dysplasia out of every 15,000 30,000 people has been estimated. This irregular tissue can weaken the affected bone and cause it to deform or fracture. Fibrous dysplasia and vision loss polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.
Fibrous dysplasia usually occurs in children ages 3 to 15, but it sometimes is not diagnosed until adulthood. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is 1 of 3 types of fibrous dysplasia that can affect the bones of the craniofacial complex, including the mandible and maxilla. Fibrous dysplasia of the facial bones and mandible springerlink. A case report fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal developmental disorder of the bone forming mesenchyme that manifests as a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation. Dental college and hospital, pune, maharastra, india. Many of the asymptomatic lesions are found incidentally. Characteristic radiological and histological patterns of. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of mandible international journal of. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Which of the following may affect the results of electric pulp testing.
Fibrous dysplasia fd is a fibroosseous lesion with no apparent familial, hereditary or congenital basis. Three cases of multiloculated lesion of the jaw two in the mandible and one in the maxillar closely mimicking ameloblastoma are described. Fibrous dysplasia occurs in childhood, usually between the ages of 3 and 15. While the specific function of this protein is not well understood, it belongs to a family of proteins, called anoctamins, that act as chloride channels. Fibrous dysplasia in adults basics of how fd affects bone mixture of normal and mutant cells mutant have growth advantage anything that stimulates bone growthhealing fd normal continues into adulthood fractures surgical. Familial fibrous dysplasia of the jaws sciencedirect. Request pdf aggressive form of fibrous dysplasia of the mandible in childhood.
Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon, benign disorder characterized by a tumorlike proliferation of fibroosseous tissue. Three percent of patients with fibrous dysplasia have mccunealbright syndrome, which includes polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, and hyperpigmented maculae. Dentinal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs in patients with inherited fibrous dysplasia. Mc cune albright syndrome almost exclusively affect females. Fibrous dysplasia, maxilla, radiographic features, swelling. Sometimes, the classic clinical, radiologic or pathologic features of fibrous dysplasia or ossifying fibroma may not be evident, but overlapping features of both may be seen. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of mandible associated. Fibrous dysplasia also had equal sex predilection, and age distribution peaked in the second and third decades, with equal occurrence in both jaws. Fibrous dysplasia is first diagnosed in infancy and childhood 7, mainly in the first and second decades 8. Fibrous dysplasia pathogenesis and histopathology youtube. If this happens, it can eventually lead to deformation of facial features and affect the shape. In addition to fibrous dysplasia this syndrome may also lead to early puberty and skin. Histology showed all three to be fibrous dysplasia. Fd involves the maxilla almost two times more often than the mandible.
Bone diseases of the jaws hindawi publishing corporation. Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibroosseous lesion characterised by the replacement of normal bone by excessive proliferation of cellular fibrous connective tissue which is slowly replaced by bone, osteoid, or cementumlike material. Fibrous dysplasia fd is a rare bony disorder in which normal bone is replaced by abnormal fibroosseous tissue. Bone affected by this disorder is replaced by abnormal scarlike fibrous connective tissue. Key words cherubism familial multilocular cystic disease of the jaws giantcell reparative granuloma fibrous dysplasia skeletal radiol 1999 28. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia consists of varying amounts of spindle cell bundles and trabeculae of immature woven bone. Typically, cherubism is an isolated benign condition.
Fibrous dysplasia fd is a benign fibroosseous lesion of the bone that rarely affects the jaws with a higher prevalence in the maxilla than the mandible. Parekh, md, mba, rakesh donthinenirao, md, eric ricchetti, md, and richard d. It can be monostotic or involve multiple bones fig. Five cases of fibrous dysplasia isolated to the facial bones and mandible are presented. The phenotype ranges from no clinical manifestations to severe mandibular and maxillary overgrowth with respiratory, vision, speech. Fibrous dysplasia represents about 2 5% of all bone tumors and over 7% of all benign tumors 5. Aug 04, 2016 fibrous dysplasia of maxilla mccune albright syndrome jameela 12. Characteristic radiographic features of ossifying fibroma of the jaw bones early lesion in the left panel and late lesion in the right panel. The correct diagnosis is important inorder to avoid unnecessary. Fibrous dysplasia is linked to a problem with genes gene mutation that control boneproducing cells. Both neoplastic and nonneoplastic entities will be. The etiology of fibrous dysplasia is not entirely clear, but there is growing evidence of a genetic mechanism. Fibrous dysplasia is a tumor like developmental condition, characterised by proliferation of abnormal cellular fibrous connective tissue with irregular trabecular bone replacing the normal.
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign bone disorder characterized by the presence of fibrous tissue containing trabeculae composed of nonlamellar bone. As children grow, affected bone may become misshapen dysplastic. Fibrous dysplasia is a disorder where normal bone and marrow is replaced with fibrous tissue, resulting in formation of bone that is weak and prone to expansion. Monostotic disease persons asymptomatic as old as 2030 years. The true incidence and prevalence of fibrous dysplasia are difficult to estimate, but the lesions are not rare. For many years there has been a progressive tendency to diagnose lesions of the jaws demonstrating fibrous tissue proliferation as fibrous dysplasia.
Pdf monostotic fibrous dysplasia affecting mandible. Fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal disorder in which boneforming cells fail to mature and produce too much fibrous, or connective, tissue. Primarily affecting adolescents and young adults, it accounts for 7% of benign bone tumors. The most common bones affected by this disease are skull and facial bones, thighbone, shinbone, pelvic bones, ribs, and upper arm bone. Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon bone disorder in which scarlike fibrous tissue develops in place of normal bone. Fibro osseous lesions classifications, pathophysiology and. Lesions specific for the jaws and not occurring in any other bones mostly are related to the teeth or to odontogenic tissues. Fibrous dysplasia ma1 bone cyst, giant cell tumor, or an odontogenic tumor. Pathologically, fibrous tissue that is firm, rubbery, and gritty7. Recent trauma the most appropriate treatment of a true combined endodonticperiodontal lesion is fibrous dysplasia of the jaws the microorganisms of dental caries are 1. Cherubism is a childhoodonset, autoinflammatory bone disease characterized by bilateral and symmetric proliferative fibroosseous lesions limited to the mandible and maxilla.
Boys are more often diagnosed with fibrous dysplasia than girls, except one specific type of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia mccunealbright syndrome which is more common in girls and affects the bones, skin and hormone levels. It has now become evident that fibrous dysplasia is a genetic disease caused by somatic activating mutation of the gs. Fibrous dysplasia science and education publishing. Fibrous dysplasia may be monostotic or polyostotic, with or without associated. Fibrous dysplasia nord national organization for rare. It generally has affinity for maxilla over mandible in craniofacial presentation. Fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma an advent in their. Granulation tissue which extends coronally from the pulp of a carious tooth is known as cervical radiolucency at the cementoenamel junction is most likely due to the most frequent location of a dentigerous cyst is the in fibrous dysplasia the most likely diagnosis of a proliferative lesion found at a denture periphery is aan the main purpose.410 2 1427 716 584 656 202 712 592 618 1241 1473 250 911 1034 902 769 299 266 1315 496 441 1255 1071 1049 415 1261 413 559 672 1363 909 787 1358 878 793